Bob Brown wrote a manifesto called 'The Readies' in the 1930s that described the modern-day eReader. His original machine used microfilm ribbon that could be adjusted as it scrolled over magnifying glass. However, it took a while for technology to catch up to his vision. The first commercial (hand-held) eReader wasn't realized with the Rocket ebook in late 1998. This led to further innovations, including the Amazon Kindle in 2007.